Pool Safety Precautions

I found a beautiful article about summer safety precautions written by Sonika Bhatnagar, MD, MPH. She points out everything that you should be careful about in the summer. Lawnmower, firearm, fireworks safety and more. She talks about pool safety which is worth to share


Never leave children alone in or near the pool or spa, even for a moment.


A fence at least 4-feet high around should be installed on all four sides of the pool. The fence should not have openings or protrusions that a young child could use to get over, under or through. Make sure pool gates open out from the pool, and self-close and self-latch at a height children are unable to reach. If the house serves as the fourth side of a fence surrounding a pool, install an alarm on the exit door to the yard and the pool.


Keep rescue equipment (a long pole with a hook on the end, known as a shepherd’s hook — and life preserver) and a portable telephone near the pool. Choose rescue equipment made of fiberglass or other materials that do not conduct electricity.


Avoid inflatable swimming aids such as “floaties.” They are not a substitute for approved life vests and can give children and parents a false sense of security.


Children aged 1 to 4 years may be at a lower risk for drowning if they have had some formal swimming instruction. However, there is no evidence that swimming lessons or water survival skills courses can prevent drowning in babies aged younger than 1 year.


The decision to enroll a 1- to 4-year-old child in swimming lessons should be made by the parent and based on the child’s developmental readiness, but swim programs should never be seen as “drown proofing” a child of any age.


Whenever infants or toddlers are in or around water, an adult — preferably one who knows how to swim and perform CPR — should be within arm’s length, providing “touch supervision.”


Avoid entrapment: Suction from pool and spa drains can trap a swimmer underwater. Do not use a pool or spa if there are broken or missing drain covers. Ask your pool operator if your pool or spa’s drains are compliant with the Pool and Spa Safety Act. If you have a swimming pool or spa, ask your pool service representative to update your drains and other suction fitting with anti-entrapment drain covers and other devices or systems. See PoolSafely.gov for more information on the Virginia Graeme Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act.


Large inflatable above-ground pools have become increasingly popular for backyard use. Children may fall in if they lean against the soft side of an inflatable pool. Although such pools are often exempt from local pool-fencing requirements, it is essential that they be surrounded by an appropriate fence just as a permanent pool would be so that children cannot gain unsupervised access.